Saturday, June 6, 2020
The telecom industry continues to play a crucial role in the evolution of the information age by providing ever faster and more reliable wired and wireless broadband services. The underlying product and service innovations in recent years have enabled the rapid growth of internet capacity, and the next big thing is the emergence ofÃ 5G mobile technology. With the telecom industry heavily investing in the infrastructure to bring 5G to their consumers, companies need to find ways to generate new revenue streams and thrive in a highly competitive industry.Ã American telecom giant VerizonÃ challenged Hult students in Boston to come up with ways to harness the power of disruptive innovation to help them remain at the forefront of their industry. Preparing for the challenge In the summer of 2018, Renu Chipalkatti, Verizons Head of Consumer Products Innovation and Insights, worked closely with Hult graduate students as part of the Disruptive Business Models course taught by Professor of Practice, Dr. Henrik Totterman. With a professional background in startups as well as multinational companies and a passion for practical business learning, Henrik has years of experience coordinating corporate challenges toÃ maximize value for both the client and the students involved. Verizon operates Americas largest and most reliable 4G LTE wireless network and the nations premier all-fiber network. The company also delivers integrated solutions to businesses in over 150 countries worldwide. In October, Verizon turned on its 5G network in four cities. The company was interested in Hult studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ expertise in assessing whether and how to divert a substantial portion of their current innovation and marketing budget to breakthrough developments at the intersection of new technology, products, services, and business models. To prepare for the challenge and get familiar with the industry, students worked on a pre-assignment and several in-class team exercises, including an unlikely comparison of the Verizon and IKEA business models.Ã You wouldnt necessarily think two different industries could help each other out, says Henrik.Ã But the comparison between IKEA and Verizon was surprisingly crucial. When Verizons Renu ChipalkattiÃ first entered the class, no one initially knew who she was or what company she represented. However, students were well prepared for the challenge at hand once it was introduced. Thanks to the emphasis on teamwork and collaboration from the outset of their course, students were not only ready to compete as a team, but were also committed to actively supporting each other. This was absolutely necessary due to the complexity and scope of the challenge, along with a relatively limited timeline. In my perspective, what made this class so unique was the collaborative element, says Henrik. Throughout the course, the teams were encouraged to assist each other, switching members, collectively finding solutions, and providing constant feedback and new ideas. Dividing into teams and finding opportunities The class was divided into six teams, with each team assigned a letter of the Greek alphabet from Alpha to Epsilon. The challenge was presented by Renu and all the teams sat down with her to start discussing their intended approach. The solutions were imaginative and groundbreakingÃ¢â¬âranging from an intuitiveÃ advanced grocery delivery service to a single touch point for digital subscriptions, allowing you to manage all your online accountsÃ¢â¬âfrom Netflix to Amazon and moreÃ¢â¬âwith only one username and password. Team AlphaÃ took a particularly unique approach with an idea to leverage the gaming industry as part of their solution to Verizons challenge. Student perspective: The Alpha journey Written by team members:Ã Joao Aziago Silva, Juan Jose Mac Auliffe, Frederik Van Kelecom, and Daniel Gallo Verizon Challenge Team Alpha When we first got together, everyone was looking forward to our scoping meeting with Henrik. We quickly discussed our thoughts and our conclusions after the pre-assignment, and there was excitement in the room. During the in-class exercises, we discovered that our team could deliver promising results in a short amount of time. When the day finally arrived to announce the challenge, we were thrilled to see that our client was Verizon. And so we set sail to start finding new ways to leverage 5G technology. From the first 15 minutes we had with Renu, we quickly understood which ideas to explore. Although we previously considered multiple industries where 5G could play a disruptive role, when we mentioned the gaming industry, we could tell she was excited by this prospect. Now that we had our idea, we got to work. The client was on board and our market research showed that we hit gold. By leveraging the capabilities of 5G through the gaming industry, we were able to target millennialsÃ¢â¬âa highly attractive market segment for Verizon. Having gamers on our team complemented our intensive market research, helping us to provide a complete view of what this segment is looking for and the trends that the gaming industry is following. We also incorporated lessons from HenrikÃ¢â¬â¢s class and his incredible methodology to polish and further develop our idea. His coaching was fundamental in making critical decisions. For our final in-class presentation, we took a more informal approach suggested by Henrik. Rather than a PowerPoint, we had a personalÃ sit-down meeting with our client. The same way IKEA designs its stores for a unique customer experience, we decided to take the same approach with our pitch. And it proved to be massively effective. While mapping and drawing up our presentation, we discovered some flaws in our overall strategy. Thankfully, we could solve them before presenting to Renu. We discussed everything together for 20 minutes and we could tell by the questions being asked how enthusiastic Renu was about the idea. You guys really thought about everything, she said. After all the amazing presentations from our classmates, we were stunned to learn that we had been selected to present our proposal to Verizon executives.Ã All the hours spent crafting our idea paid offÃ¢â¬âthatÃ¢â¬â¢s a great sense of achievement.Ã We were thrilledÃ and eager to find out the next steps from the client. We had been selected to present our proposal to Verizon executives.Ã All the hours spent crafting our idea paid offÃ¢â¬âthatÃ¢â¬â¢s a great sense of achievement. We only had two weeks before meeting with the Verizon executives. Expectations were high and we felt really challenged and inspired by our client. We made some adjustments based on the feedback we had and prepared properly, making sure we could deliver a top-notch pitch, this time more formally through a digital presentation. We wanted to positively represent the Hult brand and make all of our faculty proud. When the day arrived, we were very prepared and very excited. We presented at the Verizon Innovation Center HQÃ to Renu and three teams based in New York and New Jersey. The teams were enthusiastic and the QA session was intense. We were told that the Director of Strategy was taking big notes. The whole experience was unique and very challenging. We delivered a great business model and the whole team praised our commitment and innovation in proposing a viable solution in three weeks to a problem that they had been working on for nine months. After our pitch, we went to celebrate with a feeling of success. The challenge was over, the client was happy, and we took away more than we could have imagined from our Disruptive Business Models course. A successful pitch! The team withÃ Renu Chipalkatti, Verizons Head of Consumer Products Innovation and Insights. The challenge was over, the client was happy, and we took away more than we could have imagined from our Disruptive Business Models course. Dr. Henrik Totterman is a Professor of Practice at Hult International Business School and a teaching faculty member at Harvard University Extension School. An international entrepreneurial leader and global business school executive, he has nearly 20 years of experience developing his own ventures and advising others. His background enables him to combine academic concepts with the real world of business, exemplified by the work his students recently did with Verizon. Connect with Henrik on LinkedIn:Ã linkedin.com/in/htotterman Curious to find out more about challenge learning at Hult and the types of clients our students work with on campus?Ã Download a brochure. Hult offers a range of highly skills-focused and employability-driven business school programs including a range of MBA options and a comprehensive one year Masters in International Business. To find out more, take a look at our blog Beating the odds: how international students get sponsored jobs. Download a brochure or get in touch today to find out how Hult can help you to learn about the business world, the future, and yourself. Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. Ã°Å¸â ¸: @jasminmanzano . Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. Ã°Å¸â ¸: @jasminmanzano . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interestsÃ¢â¬âstudents who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? Ã°Å¸â ¸: @iambrunadiniz . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interestsÃ¢â¬âstudents who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? Ã°Å¸â ¸: @iambrunadiniz . WeÃ¢â¬â¢re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, weÃ¢â¬â¢re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approachÃ¢â¬âHult offers a student experience like no other. . WeÃ¢â¬â¢re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, weÃ¢â¬â¢re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approachÃ¢â¬âHult offers a student experience like no other. . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana Ã¢Å" ¨ . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m excited for the futureÃ¢â¬âespecially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.Ã¢â¬Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021 Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana Ã¢Å" ¨ . Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m excited for the futureÃ¢â¬âespecially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.Ã¢â¬Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021"> During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve accomplished this yearÃ¢â¬âand even this decadeÃ¢â¬âand what youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve accomplished this yearÃ¢â¬âand even this decadeÃ¢â¬âand what youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. Ã¢â¬Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve completely reversed my leadership styleÃ¢â¬âthe result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get there.Ã¢â¬ . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve completely reversed my leadership styleÃ¢â¬âthe result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources IÃ¢â¬â¢ll get there.Ã¢â¬ . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"It was now or never. I knew that IÃ¢â¬â¢d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take this opportunity. IÃ¢â¬â¢d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.Ã¢â¬ . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Ã¢â¬Å"It was now or never. I knew that IÃ¢â¬â¢d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take this opportunity. IÃ¢â¬â¢d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. IÃ¢â¬â¢m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.Ã¢â¬ . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Happy New Year, Hultians! . Happy New Year, Hultians! .
Sunday, May 17, 2020
The three consequences of the constitution are: the right of individuals enjoy such strong legal protections that at times they frustrate the will of the majority, the obstacles placed in the way of passing legislation create a strong bias toward the status quo, and even though the constitution makes it difficult to pass legislation, it has created a system that is sufficiently flexible to meet the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s changing needs. The compromises necessary for the Constitution to be formed, because it is the only thing that could save the Convention from failure is by compromising. Additionally, The main aim of the Constitution was to create a solid elected government, directly receptive of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s well. The concept of self- government did notÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The House of Representative is part of government most responsive to public opinion; the House of Representatives is one of the branches that help electing the leaders of the government. House members face reelection every two years, and the entire frame is elected at the same time. Also, the senate is a branch that helps to elect leaders of the government; the Senate is a body of statesmen who make decisions based on experience and wisdom, those decisions are not predictable by the nation. Every two years only one-third of the Senate is elected. The Senate is the more powerful house than the House of Representatives. To become a senate required higher qualifications and more strict than being in the House of Representatives. The Senate also is more stable and formal and powers are equally distributed between the members. The Senate has more power because they serve longer than the members of the House of Representatives. In the senate, people have no intervention on the senatorsÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions. On the other hand, they created the House of Representative to make people get involve in some of their decisions. Over the past centuries, a lot of countries have faced and experienced hig hly distractive conflict between their people. The formulation of the constitution plays an important role in the political and governance transition. Constitution made after conflict and disagreement between members, they made theShow MoreRelatedÃ¢â¬Å"A written constitution, rather than gradual reform, is now essential for the UK to claim to be a modern democracy.Ã¢â¬ 1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"A written constitution, rather than gradual reform, is now essential for the UK to claim to be a modern democracy.Ã¢â¬ This essay will look at how a written constitution, according to some, would make Britain a modern democracy and it is therefore essential that the meaning of this phrase is fully understood before it can be explored in sufficient depth. A written constitution would outline the structures and powers of government in broad terms and the relationship betweenRead MoreEssay constitution and the article of confederation989 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"The Constitution devotes the national domain to union, to justice, to defense, to welfare and to libertyÃ¢â¬ (Maier 154). This quote, stated by William Henry Seward, displays the strength and stability that the Constitution had over the nation, and the liberty and justice it supplied for all of its citizens. Although the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation have similarities, they have many differences, which proved that the Articles of Confederation were a weaker document in comparisonRead More1787 Constitutional Convention: Conflict and Compromise672 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesof the nation were unaware that the actual agenda of the Convention was to create a powerful centralized government by hammering out a new Constitution (Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom, and Armitage, 2009, p. 184). During and after the Constitutional Convention a number of disagreements arose between the delegates attending. What follows is a description of the main ones and how they were resolved. Conflicts and Compromises The Great Compromise represented an agreement between supporters of the VirginiaRead MoreThe Foundations Of The Federal Government1103 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesincluding but not limited to the ideals that led to the ratification of the constitution, changes in foreign affairs, and the implementation of new financial policies. In fact, Federalists ideas still stand today, and they are more commonly known as modern federalism, which has evolved to a more powerful overseeing governmental system. During the pre-constitutional period, the ratification of the United States Constitution was at stake. Many opposed to the revision of the Articles of ConfederationRead MoreThe Three Branches of Government1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe supreme law of the United States, the Constitution. It clarifies how our entire government should be directed. The Constitution instituted the basic ethics of the United States government. The Founding Fathers, who were the delegates of the Constitutional Convention and the main contributors in the writing of the Constitution, were the people who decided to create the branches. They thought they could best keep the parameters of the Constitution by creating three different branches. Read MoreThe Development of the American Constitution Essay510 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescountry. The Constitution was then born. The Constitution provided the structure of government and power that was needed to achieve a strong union. This structure Ã¢â¬Å"savedÃ¢â¬ the American republic from collapse while under the Articles of Confederation. George Washington himself called the end of the Articles a Ã¢â¬Å"happy terminationÃ¢â¬ (Document A). He commended Henry Knox and hoped that good would come from the Constitution that was now put in place. Good has most definitely come from the Constitution. WouldRead MoreIs It Protected Speech Under The Constitution?883 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe main issue at hand is whether or nor obscenity is considered speech and if so is it protected speech under the Constitution. I must wager that obscenity is and indeed should be considered speech for the purposes of the Supreme Court in First Amendment matters. As to if it is or should be protected by the constitution is a more difficult question. I believe that a test of reasonableness is sufficient to govern this topic by members of the court. If there is legitimate purpose for material no matterRead MoreThe Nation s Confederation System Of The United States1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSince the birth of the United States, the issue over h ow strong the national government should be has always been a controversial one. While some believe that decentralization will inevitably lead to chaos, others contend that a powerful central government will inevitably become a tyranny. Although the United States would wholeheartedly embrace the idea of a loose alliance of independent states at first, the many glaring problems that the nation faced under the Articles of Confederation would quicklyRead MoreThe Between Federalists And Anti Federalists, Separation Of Powers And The Federal Government1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin the United States Constitution; As supreme as it may portray out to be yet it comes with many imperfections that unsettles the states and greatly affected African Americans, leading future decisions to more disagreements throughout the course of history. The United States were beginning to form itself up since the Constitution was created, it granted the people the power to rule themselves without the federal g overnment getting too involved in State affairs; The Constitution was indeed foundationalRead MoreHong Kong Is An Island Off The Coast Of Mainland China1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHong Kong is an island off the coast of mainland China. It was a British colony until 1997 when it was officially handed back to China. Even though Hong Kong has its own constitution and currency, China still controls its defense and foreign policy. Hong Kong s constitution, the Basic Law, states that Hong Kong will co-exist with China as one country, two systems for 50 years after the handover of power in 1997. Due to expire in 2047, it states that the city shall safeguard the rights and freedoms
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In her Ã¢â¬ËPrefaceÃ¢â¬â¢ to Hymns in Prose for Children, Anna Laetitia Barbauld affirms that: That Barbauld is a believing woman is incontrovertible: she seeks, after all, to Ã¢â¬Ëimpress devotional feelingsÃ¢â¬â¢ upon the minds of her young readers. It is also evident, however, that Barbauld is not especially interested in communicating scriptural minutiae and theological specificities to her readers: the Hymns, as Lynne Vallone notes, mostly Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Å"preachÃ¢â¬ analogically to the children of privilegeÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â children for whom Ã¢â¬Ëthe pastoral world of the HymnsÃ¢â¬â¢, where praising God Ã¢â¬Ëis the only imperativeÃ¢â¬â¢, is a recognisable world Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Ëto love God: as [they] respect and are awed by the beauty of nature so should [they] be thankful to and praise the God who is the Creator of NatureÃ¢â¬â¢. Barbauld intimates, in fact, that the phenomena and processes of the Ã¢â¬ËnaturalÃ¢â¬â¢, or physical, world corroborate the existence of a divine presence; in discussing the natural order of things, and in encouraging the reade r to both look out for and make note of ecological patterns and quirks, Barbauld seems to insinuate, in turn, that religion cannot be taught in churches and classrooms Ã¢â¬â that it must, instead, be learned spontaneously through oneÃ¢â¬â¢s observations of the universe. It is, of course, possible that Barbauld believed children incapable of grasping orthodox constructions, or interpretations, of God and His designs. In her Ã¢â¬ËPrefaceÃ¢â¬â¢ to the Hymns, she mentions, for example, that poetry Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Ëan elevation in thought and styleShow MoreRelatedWoman Writers of the Romantic Period1800 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesfemale writers include: Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Charlotte Turner Smith, Mary Robinson, Hannah More and Joanna Baillie. This essay will look closer to some of them. As poet, educator, essayist and critic, Anna Laetitia Aikin is considered to be one of the literary giants of her time. She was born on June 20th, 1743, in family of Jane Jennings and John Aikin, a Presbyterian minister and schoolteacher. Her family lived near the village of Kibworth Harcourt, in Leicestershire. Anna was educated at home
What are the 3 moments in my life that made me into the person I am today. Well when I was first asked that question by my teacher I kinda laughed to myself. This is going to be easy just take three things that have happened to me that kinda of go with each other throw in some deep heart moving things that teachers eat up and call it done. When I started I chose my adoption ,my brothers adoption and my puppy adoption all events that follow a close thread easy to write about and all happy tear jerker events. As I started writing them up I immediately felt that these werent the events I should be writing about. The adoption of my brother wasnt really all that important to me. What some government papers say and a judge decides means little to me. My brother is my brother thats it , the kid fought for my love thats the story I want to tell how a little boy taught me to love and care for somebody else. A love I sealed off by naming him. Then my adoption it sounds contradictory to my previous statement but this event is not really so much about me being accepted into my family by some old dood with hammer but about the happiness one feels when a fight has been won the happiness and joy a young child can see on his parents face. lastly the adoption of my puppy just really wasnt all that life changing. Sure she is cute and amazing and I could probably type it up to make it a cute boy-meets-dog story that makes the reader feel all warm and fuzzy. Once again, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not an event that changed me. Instead I want to tell you about a small talk that changed my view on life. let me tell you about the first event. My brothers name is Joshua kevin Shupe-Shellooe but when he first came to us he was simply Mario a name I personally hated. When my brother and I met I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like him. With his constant whining and crying but what really got me was he would never talk. He would do everything but talk to get what he needed. He would follow me around non stop and copy all my actions. I hated him. I was mean to him and tried everything I could do to to get him to leave me alone and leave the family. There was one point when my parents considered not going through with the adoption. Josh was a never-ending ball of love to me and I didnt get it. I was doing everything I could think of to make him hate me. It seemed as if the more I tried to hate him, the more I fell into his neverending spell of love. After awhile I couldnt help but to start to love him. The little kid with the toothless smile and the eyes that held the vast wisdom that only can be found in the eyes of a young child. He was teaching me love and compassion and he had no clue. He name was still Mario but he was Mario my friend. As time went by he started to open up. He started to talk a little and always asked for me, his big brother, to tuck him in. Always full of questions that ,I a six year old, know it all either answered correctly or made up something that sounded right. He always cared for everybody. He was the kid who was always willing to give you the last juice box or let you watch your favorite tv show just to make you happy. He was still Mario though my friend not my brother but that soon changed. It changed one early morning while my Dad and Pop were throwing around names that we could call Mario. Out of nowhere I said his name is Ã¢â¬Å"JoshuaÃ¢â¬ . my parents were a little shocked but they liked the name and decided that it was the one. Thats when in my mind I felt like he truly became my brother. Now that I think about it, what better name for a boy that tore down the barriers and showed me blind love and taught me care and faith in the unknown. The name Joshua comes from the Bible. He was the leader of the Israelites after Moses. One of the most important and most well known stories of Joshua is when he marched around the gates of Jericho and his army and him blew rams horns and marched seven days around the city of because God had told Joshua that on the seventh day the walls would fall. This reminds me of my brother Josh. He followed blind love and faith and he tore down the walls I had around my heart, much like Joshua in the Bible and his blind faith. For me this was an event that changed me. I learned love and I learned care from a boy of only two years old. The second event was my adoption though it went before Joshuas im choosing to explain the events by the most impactfull for me. It started as all adoption days start . I got up and my Pop and Dad gave me a bath. They obsessed over my hair and my brand new suit. As a kid I loved getting all dressed up it gave me a reason to forget who I was and pretend I was someone else. I remember walking out the door and feeling like I was the boss and the baddest thing to hit this earth since sliced bread. I got in the car and my parents prept me on what I was going to be asked and how I should answer. Behind all the prep talk I could see the pure excitement and joy in their eyes and tears. Even though I was young I knew this was a big deal I knew that this was the day that my fathers and I were going to be together forever if all went well. I knew we were a family whether or not it went well but somehow even at a young age I felt that the adoption was more for them than me it was a sign to them that all there hard work had paid off and they could feel the pure joy and excitement of a child . I couldnt help but feel excited too. When we got to the courthouse in san jose my godmothers were there my uncle dale and cousins and my godfathers. Everybody was asking me if I was excited and there was a never ending stream of kisses and hugs. they told me to weight in a side room well they finished up the rest of the paper work after what seemed like a lifetime of waiting they finally brought me in and lead me two the courtroom. When I walked in we sat down in chairs in front of the judge. At the time I was a little more excited with the fact that there was a microphone on the desk. I kept singing songs and yelling into it. Finally the judge told me to stop and asked me a serious of long questions that I cant begin to remember. Which I answered yes too to them all. There was one question I do remember it was the last question he asked me Ã¢â¬Å" Do you Alexander Ignacio Shupe-Shellooe take these two loving parents to be your parents for the rest of your life i said Ã¢â¬Å"YesÃ¢â¬ . At that point my Pop started to cry I didnt get why he was crying I felt bad I thought I said something wrong. Ã¢â¬Å"Pop why are you CryingÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Because im so happy sonÃ¢â¬ I didnt get it then but I do now. After the long search for their child the struggle to get me in there home the fight against hatred and stereotypes to finally have the government let me in my parents home it was finally over they had won. As I grew older I became more aware of the underlying significance of this event. I promised myself that one day i would find a dream and pursue it to the end so I can feel the joy my Dads felt and the overwhelming happiness . The last event is a small conversation i had that made me think and wonder about my changes and my life. It started lik this Ã¢â¬Å"Who are you thats what matters not what the other kids think , youre a warrior Alex I know you can make it so dont bring yourself down you have made it through two years of treatment you have tought me alot. Ill miss you I have seen you grow and have witnessed your pain and your hurt. You have gone from a kid who punched walls till his knuckles bled and would fight any kid who looked at him wrong cause he was scared of everything . Tto who you are now a kid who looks after the younger boys whos a leader in this school and has helped the school through some of the roughest times. You still have anger and pain dont forget it. Use it to fuel you to pursue your dreams smile big love your life but dont forget the hurt Ã¢â¬ That was the last time I ever talked to Sean, Sean was my mentor the wise man who lead me and guided me through my work through treatment. The words he just spoke to me would change me. I was leaving treatment for the first time in two years getting ready to embark on a new journey. I couldnt help but wonder if it was all worth it if the experience was really a life changing event. I thought about Sean and the kids I have met the tears ive shed and the joy I had felt. I started to realized that no matter how bad it was I would never take it back . The days I woke up early and had to work in the yard tending plants and gardening and picking fruits to the kids I had swear to me they kill me to the adults that pounded in manners and respect into my mind. Those were things that made me into who I am now. I knew that when I left treatment I was leaving as a new kid. I no longer hated the world for the hurt I felt when I was younger or for putting me in treatment. I love the world I have learned to cherish everything I have and be thankful for all the gifts I have been givin . I realized that behind all the pain and hurt and anger is sadness. I was going to use the sadness to fuel my determination to do better in my life. Even though I was leaving and didnt know what was going to happen I had new insight on how to handle hard things in my life. How do all these experiences connect with eachother. They all contain a overall blanket lesson percervierence. Weather or not it was my brother pushing for my love and exceptince or my parents struggle and fight to have me legally called there son or even a simple chat to one friend to another about never giving up these all talked about the struggle to move forward. These are the stories that made me into who I am now. Who I am I im Alexander Ignacio Shupe Shellooe a loving caring percerverent boy who is striving and looking for a goal that gives him happiness and joy and does not fear hardship because thats what will fuels him for success in his life.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Perceptions Of Tourism As A Career Tourism Essay Percepts of touristry as a calling can be viewed from the sets of relationships that play a function in advancing touristry as a calling in Curacao. In this chapter the focal point will be on the questionnaire that will supply the reply to the research inquiry: How make the authorities policy, the industry policy and the pedagogues policy promote and perceive touristry as a calling in the turning touristry sector of Curacao in 2012? Harmonizing to Minichiello, Aroni, Timewell and Alexander ( 1990 ) one manner to analyze qualitative informations is through the subject cryptography system by constellating the information into the subjects related to the survey. The cryptography is done by interrupting down the interview transcripts into classs followed by delegating labels or subjects to the responses that are important to the issue being studied ( Bryman A ; Bell, 2003 ; Strauss A ; Corbin, 1990 ) . A sum of eight participants was interviewed of whom three authorities functiona ries, two representatives of the industry and three plan directors of touristry instruction. Interviews were conducted with cardinal participants from these organisations to understand their attempts in advancing touristry as a calling. The parametric quantities that were considered in the choice procedure implied that participants must be cardinal participants, based on the degree of their cognition on the cardinal involvement of this survey. The informations aggregation for the interviews was developed to capture the perceptual experiences of the functionaries from assorted organisations on the same issue, and their perceptual experiences on the extent to which they have been advancing touristry as a alumnus calling. Therefore, comparable inquiries were asked to all stakeholders in order to analyze and contrast their reaction on how the issue is viewed from different positions, and they were divided into different subdivisions sing, instruction policy, authorities policy, industry policy and pupil perceptual experiences. The informations aggregation for the in-depth and semi-structured interviews was arranged in three stairss, as follows: The interview transcripts were categorized into several subjects utilizing Microsoft Excel to fix an interview drumhead sheet. This drumhead sheet simplified the transcripts into matrix signifier, from which the emerging subjects were identified. With respect to the survey topic a petition for blessing was sent to the research commission of ICUC. Meetings were held with the instructor that guided the research worker throughout the research. We will write a custom essay sample on Perceptions Of Tourism As A Career Tourism specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Perceptions Of Tourism As A Career Tourism specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Perceptions Of Tourism As A Career Tourism specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The inquiry construction for this survey it is best described as the unfastened inquiry construction. To steer the research worker through the procedure of informations aggregation a standard set of inquiries was used. Besides inquiries that came up were asked on the subject when this was necessary as the interview progressed. Profile of the Participants The information aggregation was performed in different ways. The questionnaire, transcripts of interviews with participants, the notes taken on observations by the research worker and information analysis served as the beginnings of informations aggregation. The mean clip of the interviews was 30 proceedingss and all the interviews were conducted at the work topographic point of the participants. Standards were identified in choosing grownup scholars for this survey. The standards used to screen participants are outlined in Table 4. The interviews were conducted in English and when necessary translated into Papiamentu ( the native linguistic communication of the participants ) . The participants expressed themselves in English and where non able to react in English because of the words they did non cognize they complemented in Papiamentu. The transcripts of the interviews were sent to the participants for their reappraisal and blessing. Table: Choice Criteria Participants Standards Parameter Description Cognition Tourism development Officials within this scope are the cardinal participants based on the degree of their cognition on the cardinal involvement of this survey. Gender Male and Female Males and females were interviewed in this survey. Participants Eight participants In-depth interviews were conducted with eight functionaries, two representatives of the industry, three representatives of touristry instruction and three authorities functionaries. The profile of all the participants in the in-depth interviews is available in the undermentioned tabular array that consists of three parts. In this table information about the participant is available, such as business, education/degree and gender. The eight participants were divided into three groups. The first group is the group of participants stand foring the authorities bureaus. The 2nd group is the group of participants stand foring the industry. The 3rd group is the group of participants stand foring touristry instruction. Table: Participants Interviewed Group 1 Representatives of the Government bureaus Participant No. Occupation Participant Organization Part. 1 Advisor/Consultant/Coordinator Government Labor personal businesss Part. 2 Coordinator policy preparation and development Government Tourism personal businesss Part. 3 Advisor/Coordinator course of study development Government Education personal businesss Group 2 Representatives of the Industry Participant No. Occupation Participant Organization Part. 4 Selling and Product Developer CHATA Part. 5 Undertaking Development Coordinator CTB Group 3 Representatives of touristry instruction Participant No. Occupation Participant Organization Part. 6 Teacher/Coordinator Tourism plans Maris Stella SBO Part. 7 Teacher/Coordinator Restaurant/Bar Tourism plans Marnix Hospitality VSBO Part. 8 Trainer of the unmarried man touristry and cordial reception plan Intercontinental University of the Caribbean ( ICUC ) Consequences of the interviews In this paragraph the consequences or the interviews conducted with the three key stakeholders mentioned above are presented. First it will analyze the chief human resource issues faced in Curacao s touristry industry. Then the probe among the relationship among interest holders in advancing touristry as a calling is presented. It will go on looking at the activities or steps that these stakeholders have been set abouting in advancing touristry as a calling to pupils, every bit good as to which widen the stakeholders perceive these steps as adequate to increase pupil engagement in the industry. Main human resource issues faced: the stakeholders were asked about the chief human resource issues faced by the touristry industry or their ain organisations and the factors underlying those issues. The cardinal issue that emerged from this inquiry was the deficit of skilled labour or specifically, trouble in pulling alumnuss to work in touristry. Further scrutiny found factors that resulted in the deficiency of attraction in what the industry offers to alumnuss. The chief touristry human resource issues are the deficiency of preparation in the touristry human resources and the societal jobs the human resources have and are non easy to work out because of deficiency of budget. ( Ministry of Tourism ) The deficiency of trained work force for the touristry industry for the coming old ages, informations about vacancies in the touristry sector. ( CTB ) The chief issue at the minute is the work attitude, non service-minded work force and the measure of trained human resources. ( CHATA ) Deficits of skilled labour in the touristry environment are perceived as one of the cardinal human resource issues in touristry by the stakeholders: The issue is general credence by pupils of callings in touristry. They are non taking it whole-heartedly. ( Ministry of Tourism ) There is deficiency of work force. The involvement of the locals to work in the hotel sector is non at that place. ( CTB ) We have difficulty pulling new people to the industry, jobs pulling those who have studied touristry. ( CHATA ) The stakeholders agreed that the issue is non merely in pulling motivated workers to take callings in touristry, but to pull choice people with the necessary cognition and makings to lend to the industry. This echoes the determination from the Strategic Tourism Master Plan for the island of Curacao ( 2010 ) by supplying grounds that the challenges in pulling alumnuss to work in touristry in Curacao are still unresolved. Coded replies Main HR issue Deficit skilled labour force CHATA Lack quality trained work force ( Ltwf ) No general credence ( Nga ) CTB Lack of trained work force ( Ltwf ) No involvement ; Lack of local adult male power ( Ni ; Llmp ) Ministry of Tourism Lack of trained work force ( Ltwf ) Trouble pulling qualified work force ( Daqwf ) Cardinal factors for the deficiency of involvement in touristry as a calling: The stakeholders explained that the cardinal factor that contributes to the deficiency of involvement among alumnuss to work in touristry is the unattractiveness of what the industry offers, peculiarly by offering low wages which is closely linked to holding to get down from low places. Two pedagogues emphasize that wage in the touristry industry should reflect pupils makings: In footings of wage, it should be harmonizing to makings. ( ICUC ) In footings of wage, employers should pay the alumnuss harmonizing to their making. They should besides offer more inducements to increase public involvement to take callings in touristry. ( Maris Stella SBO ) This factor, harmonizing to authorities functionaries and pedagogues, makes the pupils feel that their making is undervalued which consequences in negative images of touristry as an employer: The obvious factor is the low wage. In hotels, it does nt count if you have a grade in touristry direction, you will still travel with the rank and file occupations or entry-level occupations. So that makes it unattractive. ( Ministry of Tourism ) Employers take advantage by offering low wage to the pupils to either take it or go forth it. Some pupils are all right with this but there are besides those who are frustrated for being asked to make occupations that are non compatible with their accomplishments and making. ( Ministry of Labor Affairs ) The industry organic structures admitted that low wages and holding to get down from low places do occur in touristry, because most touristry concerns in Curacao are non doing big net incomes or merely that some employers were being unjust towards the alumnuss. However, they besides argued that alumnuss should non anticipate to be paid for their makings entirely. They noted that working in touristry can be honoring every bit long as alumnuss can show their capableness and productiveness in the workplace. Productivity is an interesting subject which emerged from the interviews with industry organic structures. It was noted by industry organic structures as an of import standard to find salary to be offered to alumnuss. Future surveies hence could look into ways to step and better alumnuss productiveness in the industry. The bulk of those who work in travel and circuit companies are non good paid merely because these concerns are barely profitable. If every individual thinks about wage, this is non the country to look at. If they want to acquire higher wage, they have to stand out in their occupation. They can non anticipate to be paid for their grade. The sector is happy to pay them if they can bring forth. ( CTB ) The hotels are non that playing just neither, by non paying them harmonizing to their makings. It is all right if you want them to get down from a lower rank but in footings of wage, you need to take into consideration their makings. However, pupils besides need to understand that this is one industry where if you want to be successful, makings are non that of import. If you have a making it enhances you, but it is non that indispensable in this industry. ( CHATA ) Coded replies Cardinal factors deficiency of involvement ICUC No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) Maris Stella SBO No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) ; Incentives ( Inc ) Ministry of Tourism No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) Ministry of Labor Affairs No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) CTB No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) ; Entry-Level occupations ( Elj ) CHATA No wage harmonizing makings ( Npaq ) ; Entry-Level occupations ( Elj The issues sing the deficiency of involvement in the touristry sector are confirmed by the industry bodies although the argued that high wage should be justified by the alumnuss productiveness in the workplace and non by makings entirely. Educators believe that in order to do touristry occupations more attractive, pupils should be paid harmonizing to their makings. Relevance touristry course of study to industry demands: The literature in chapter two suggests that another factor that may take to a skilled labour deficit in touristry is tourism instruction that is irrelevant to the demands of the industry ( Purcell A ; Quinn, 1996 ; Williams, 2005 ) . The deficiency of certainty amongst the industry towards the relevancy of touristry instruction may ensue in alumnuss fighting to be employed by the industry in nice occupations. To analyze this, the stakeholders were asked about the extent to which they perceive instruction in touristry direction in universities and touristry plans in secondary schools in Curacao as relevant to their demands. By and large, the touristry course of study at the university and secondary schools in Curacao is perceived by pedagogues as relevant to the stakeholders, justified by the industry s engagement in the development of the course of study: I think it is relevant to the industry s demands, in fact they were involved during the development stage of the course of study ( Maris Stella SBO ) During our meeting with the industry to reexamine the course of study, they did give some feedback. Based on that feedback we have revised our course of study. We hope that such duologue will guarantee the relevancy of the course of study to the industry s demands. ( Marnix Hospitality VSBO ) However, there are concerns among industry organic structures on the focal point of the course of study, and to what extent touristry course of study at public establishments are benchmarked with established course of study from international third establishments: The secondary schools make usage of the word tourism to sell their touristry plan but they do non sell any peculiar sector. As a consequence, pupils have so many things to cover so educators cover the topics superficially. ( CHATA ) I think the ICUC is keeping high criterions. The public university is what I am worrying about because, it does non hold any touristry plans. ( CTB ) There seems to be conflicting perceptual experiences between the industry and the pedagogues in footings of the relevancy of the touristry course of study to the industry s demands. This is surprising when the pedagogues declared that touristry course of study was developed and revised with input from industry. However, the industry organic structures raised concerns about touristry course of study in Curacao. They believe it is excessively wide. In drumhead, it is apparent that the cardinal human resource issue in touristry in Curacao is the deficit of skilled labour. The cardinal stakeholders believe that this is a consequence of two chief issues, low-pay and low-level places offered to alumnuss. In footings of the relevancy of touristry instruction in Curacao to the industry s demands, the industry bodies perceive that touristry instruction in Curacao is excessively general. As suggested by the authorities bureaus and the pedagogues, pupils involvement in working in touristry can be increased if the industry is willing to pay alumnuss harmonizing to their makings. Coded replies Relevance touristry course of study to industry demands Maris Stella SBO Curriculum is relevant ( Cir ) Marnix Hospitality VSBO Curriculum is relevant ( Cir ) CHATA Curriculum is wide ( Cib ) CTB Curriculum is relevant ( Cir ) All stakeholders were asked whether or non forums exist for them and other stakeholders to discourse pulling alumnuss to touristry. The stakeholders relationships investigated involve the authorities, industry and pedagogues. Discoursing the relationships amongst these three stakeholders enabled the research worker to estimate the extent to which these stakeholders co-ordinate their attempts and interact. This will be viewed get downing with government-industry relationships, followed by government-educator relationships and eventually, industry-educator relationships. As discussed, the relationships amongst the stakeholders occur in the touristry and instruction environments. In the touristry environment, the accent is on the preparation of policies in developing human resources in touristry and advancing touristry as a calling. In the instruction environment, the relationships involve the development of touristry instruction which besides leads to fixing pupils for occupations in touristry. Relationships between stakeholders may take topographic point in merely one environment, but in some instances across the two environments, either straight, or with a stakeholder moving as a go-between who provides the forum for the relationships to go on. The government-industry relationship: the authorities bureaus were asked about forums for them to run into the industry to discourse human resource issues in touristry. The Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labor indicated that close relationships have been established with the industry, peculiarly on audiences about touristry instruction and preparation plans: The Ministry will plan an instruction plan harmonizing to input from the industry so that the plan will hold academic and economic value. Most of the plans involve the industry in their development and alteration phase. ( Maris Stella SBO ) In planing the course of study, we will confer with the industry to guarantee that the course of study suits their demands. So I can state that the course of study in secondary schools is compliant and industry-driven. ( Marnix Hospitality VSBO ) The highest forum sing preparation in respect to this Ministry is the Human Resource Board meeting at the CTB. The members of the board include representatives from the industry to discourse issues related to preparation in the industry. ( Ministry of Labor ) In the touristry environment, the Ministry of Tourism provides the industry with the chance to raise issues related to human resource direction in touristry, including pulling the alumnuss to work in touristry: We have what we call the Human Resource Board meeting. This is where the industry will come and lucubrate about what is needed by the industry. I think this is a good forum, because in smart partnerships its better to hear from the industry because they know what they want. The industry organic structures were asked similar inquiries, and besides agreed that they have close cooperation with the ministries responsible for human resource development in touristry. The cooperation is in activities advancing touristry as a calling ( with the Ministry of Tourism and Ministry of Labor Affairs ) and course of study development ( with the Ministry of Education ) : We cooperate with the Ministry Education on course of study development and alteration. With the Ministry of Labor personal businesss we discuss a batch of industry jobs refering HR issues. The Ministry of Tourism is our anchor ministry and we work really closely sing issues about hotels including the human resources issues. ( CHATA ) Relationships exists. With the Ministry of Tourism, we discuss issues sing the preparation of touristry forces. With the Ministry of Education, we collaborate in the development of touristry related course of study. ( CTB ) The relationship between the authorities and the industry in discoursing human resource direction issues in touristry in Malaysia is ongoing. Both stakeholders agreed that they have been join forcesing and the cardinal issues of treatment include touristry human resource development and touristry instruction. Coded replies Relationship between authorities and industry by forums Maris Stella SBO Relationship exists ( Re ) Marnix Hospitality VSBO Relationship exists ( Re ) Ministry of Labor Affairs Forum exists ( Fe ) Ministry of Education Forum exists ( Fe ) CHATA Relationship exists ( Re ) CTB Relationship exists ( Re ) Government-Educator Relationships: mirroring the cooperation with the industry, the authorities representatives by and large agree that they have close relationships with the pedagogues. However, the grade of cooperation does vary. The Ministry of Education seem to hold stronger relationships with the pedagogues, chiefly in the development of touristry course of study. This possibly because the pedagogues and this Ministry belong to the educational environment. The Ministry of Education is the keeper of instruction. Therefore the pedagogues and the Ministry have truly a stopping point relationship as there are many forums for the Ministry to convey its policy to the schools. Schools are the implementers of the policy and so far we have no job with that. The pedagogues themselves are public retainers so they will make as directed by the authorities. ( Maris Stella SBO ) The instruction establishments will implement anything that comes from the Ministry. Even though it is out of their capableness, they will seek to do it operational the best manner that they can. ( Ministry of Education ) In the instance of the Ministry of Tourism, the Human Resource Board meeting reference mentioned earlier in the subdivision that addresses government-industry relationship earlier was besides described as a forum for the Ministry to run into the pedagogues, peculiarly on the issues of touristry instruction. However, the Ministry believes that touristry course of study are already in topographic point and indicated that the council is now giving more accent to pull offing human resources in touristry. The Ministry of Tourism is non involved with course of study development. This is noted by the pedagogues that relationships with the authorities ( in discoursing issues related to tourism instruction ) are by and large stronger with the Ministry of Education than with the Ministry of Tourism The way is merely one manner. We educators feel that there is no bottom-up attack in this communicating. The Ministry of Tourism visits us sometimes. But once more when it comes to the pupils, I think there is deficiency of engagement from them the Ministry of Tourism. ( Marnix Hospitality VSBO ) We do non acquire the chance to work with the Ministry of Tourism, possibly because we are under the horizon of the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Tourism should look at secondary schools because the work force for touristry comes from these establishments. ( Maris Stella SBO ) Coded replies Relationship between Government-Educators Maris Stella SBO Relationship exists ( Re ) Ministry of Education Relationship exists ( Re ) Marnix Hospitality VSBO Relationship exists ( Re ) Although there is grounds of strong relationships between the authorities and pedagogues, it is more evident in the instruction environment. This is because each ministry has different maps and duties and therefore play a stronger function in the environment for which they are responsible. Therefore, the Ministry of Education as the authorities organic structure in the instruction environment plays a stronger function in touristry instruction and has stronger relationships with the pedagogues. In the touristry environment, the forum at the Ministry of Tourism, the Human Resource Board meeting, discusses touristry human resource direction more than touristry instruction. This possibly accounts for the weak relationship between the Ministry of Tourism and pedagogues. One respondent, did note that there was no underside up line of communicating with the Ministry of Tourism. This remark demonstrates that interactions between stakeholders are non ever perceived as just and do non needfully affect mutual flows of information. Industry-Educators Relationships: The industry organic structures and Tourism Malaysia perceived that they do non hold close relationships with the pedagogues in discoursing the publicity of touristry as a calling or in touristry instruction: We have relationships with the university for amplifications. ( CHATA ) There surely is but I do nt believe the forums are effectual. ( CTB ) The pedagogues, nevertheless, contradict this impression by stating that they have close relationships with the industry in course of study development: For course of study reappraisals, we have a commission but the rank of the industry organic structures is non lasting because sometimes the issues that discussed affect merely some peculiar sectors. But overall, we meet the industry more than we meet the authorities. ( Maris Stella SBO ) The Curriculum Evaluation Committee at the Ministry of Education comprises the industry organic structures representatives and we meet on an ad hoc footing or when there are issues. ( Marnix Hospitality ) There seem to be conflicting positions between the industry and pedagogues in footings of relationships sing the issue of human resource direction in touristry, peculiarly in advancing touristry as a calling in Curacao. The industry feels that the relationships between them and the pedagogues in course of study development are non evident while the pedagogues frequently noted that the coactions are close with the industry during the developments and alterations of the course of study. One possible account for these conflicting positions is the fact that the forums where both stakeholders meet were mediated by the authorities. Therefore, the industry does non see a direct relationship with the pedagogues in course of study development because the forums were at the Ministry of Education and non secondary schools. Although the forums were mediated by the Ministry, pedagogues perchance perceive themselves as portion of the ministry and therefore see the forums as direct relationships with the industry. Nevertheless, the authorities emphasized that the functions of industry and pedagogues are of import in the preparation of policies in touristry human resource development, and will guarantee that such cooperation continues to go on: The industry and pedagogues must look at each other in the sense that they can complement each other, so that the cooperation could travel the authorities policy frontward much faster. The industry knows what they want from the instruction system and the pedagogues can supply harmonizing to the industry s demands. The authorities will supply the environment for that to go on. ( Ministry of Tourism ) The functions of both industry and pedagogues are of import and the authorities will do certain this is ongoing. ( Ministry of Labor Affairs ) Coded replies Relationship between Industry-Educators CHATA Relationship exists ( Re ) CTB Relationship exists ( Re ) ; Relationship non effectual ( Rna ) Maris Stella SBO Relationship exists ( Re ) ; Relationship non effectual ( Rna ) Marnix Hospitality Relationship exists ( Re ) ; Relationship non effectual ( Rna ) Ministry of touristry Relationship exists ( Re ) The relationships and cooperation amongst stakeholders in Curacao in advancing touristry callings exist but at different strengths. The Ministry of Education has near cooperation with both the industry and pedagogues ; nevertheless, the Ministry of Tourism cooperates more with the industry than with the pedagogues. Therefore, the relationships between the authorities and both industry and pedagogues seem stronger in the instruction environment than in the touristry environment where the relationship between the Ministry of Tourism and pedagogues is perceived as weak. The failing of the relationship between the Ministry of Tourism and pedagogues is a contemplation of the division of duties between the Ministry of Tourism and the Ministry of Higher Education. The Ministry of Tourism is non to a great extent involved in affairs related to touristry instruction. The relationships between industry and pedagogues besides exist, but are perceived otherwise by the stakeholders. Industry does non see direct relationships with the pedagogues yet the pedagogues believe that the cooperation is ongoing peculiarly in touristry instruction. One cardinal issue that emerged is that the authorities plays a go-between function in conveying all the stakeholders together by supplying the forum for the employers and pedagogues to run into and discourse issues related to tourism instruction and advancing touristry as a alumnus calling. Promotion of touristry as a calling: the stakeholders were asked about steps and activities that they have been set abouting in advancing touristry as a calling to pupils. This survey found that there are metameric duties between the authorities bureaus. There is a division of labour among them. The Ministry of Tourism focal points on activities to advance touristry callings. However, the activities are limited to merely secondary school pupils ; they are merely conducted by the industry organic structure. For the clip being our seminar on callings in touristry is limited. At the same clip an industry association besides conducted awareness plans about callings in their sector and this is funded by the Ministry . ( Ministry of Tourism ) Conversely, other Ministries put more accent on advancing touristry plans than touristry callings. For illustration, the Ministry of Labor personal businesss conducts promotional activities that merely advance touristry plans at peculiar establishments. However, they argue that by advancing touristry plans the pupils will develop their involvements and be inclined to do touristry a calling: We conduct awareness plans to advance touristry plans offered by our secondary schools in all countries of survey. As for the calling pick, we will promote and steer them for callings in touristry while they are still in school but the determination rests in the alumnuss ain custodies once they completed the plan. ( Ministry of Education ) Our offices do publicity but this is being done overall regardless of the sector. For a more specialised sector like touristry, the preparation establishments themselves do their ain promotional enterprises. ( Ministry of Labor personal businesss ) Unlike the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry Labor personal businesss, and the Ministry of Education quoted above who promote either touristry callings or touristry plans, the Ministry instruction does non stipulate any activities or programs to advance touristry. They indicate that that there is no program to add more universities offering touristry plans. This is because the Ministry do non see the demand for university gr
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Authenticity Berlin Essay Example Authenticity Berlin Essay Authenticity Berlin Essay This report has been written as results of research before and during the fieldtrip in Berlin. It will focus on the theme of this case, namely authenticity, commodification and their relationship with tourism. The aim of this report is to find an answer to the problem statement: In what sense can the tourism product of Berlin be considered as authentic? Therefore five research questions were given and will be dealt with in this report. The first research question is What are the definitions of authenticity and commodification, and what is their relation to tourism? The second research question What is considered to be the tourism product of Brussels? will give a short overview of the main tourist hotspots in Berlin. Moreover the question In what way is authenticity used in advertisements and marketing? and What are examples of co modified culture in Berlin? will be answered. The last research questions Do tourists experience the authentic Berlin will focus on the results of interviews which have been conducted during the fieldtrip in Berlin. Finally, the answer to the problem will be given in the in the conclusion as well as a short summary of the main points with reference to the research questions. Authenticity and commodification in relationship with tourism Within the tourism industry the term authenticity is often explained by the real and traditional. But there are so many definitions of the term authenticity. Like the dictionary stated authenticity is known to be real and genuine (Soanes, Hawker and Elliot, 2006). Many others indicated that the meaning of the term is personal, so every person has its own opinion about it. This means that tourism products can be authentic for one person, but is inauthentic for someone else. Research has been concluded to mark the difference between authentic and inauthentic. Dann stated that authentic can be related to something in the past, herby one can think of an era, culture and traditions. Authenticity plays an important role in the tourism studies according to Hughes. (Dann, 2002). Gilmore Pine II (2007) suggested that authenticity comes compared with management tools as well in order to help businesses, and of course also businesses within the tourism industry, for example render authenticity by implementing specific strategies (Gilmore Pine II, 2007). Besides, there is staged authenticity, which means that the aspects of a certain culture which are known by the tourist are still performed by the local community. But in fact it is only a show for the tourists and in the daily life of the locals it is not used anymore. E.g. Venice you see every where gondolas, but only filled with tourist. Authenticity consists out of 3 different types, namely objective, constructive and existential authenticity. According to Dann objective authenticity means when a toured object is authentic the experience is authentic as well; a historic event is authentic when it is organised in its original setting and time period. Constructive authenticity depends on the fact that the tourists must see the objectives as authentic, which includes that the authenticity depends on the person who presents the object instead of the object itself. The last type of authenticity is personal, where the interaction between tourists plays an important role. There are two distinctions the de re-experience, which is caused by one experience like visiting the Louvre and experiencing the real Mona Lisa, while de other type has to do with the character of an experience, than the Mona Lisa in Las Vegas can be authentic as well (Dann, 2002). The transformation of goods and services (or things that may not normally regarded as goods or services) into a commodity. (Kadijk, 2009). This is a definition of the term commodification Kadijk also add that commodification is not only about good and services, but it has also to do with rituals, ceremonies, folk arts etc. Commodification can be classified into three types of values; which are use value based on the usefulness of a commodity; the value and original purpose for the community. Secondly, the exchange value which is related to the amount of tourist who would like to pay for it. Furthermore, there is the sign value which includes the personal perception of the tourist (Kadijk, 2009). Commodification can be related to the term authenticity and is often seen as negative. Because it causes devaluation experiencing the real culture it included the loss of intrinsic value of a culture. Nevertheless, is has also advantages for local communities, the interest of tourist in the culture will grow and the existence of traditional crafts is affected by this phenomenon. Tourism results in commodification of cultural aspects; which are produced and performed only for the tourists. (Halewood, 2001). To conclude both terms can be related to tourism. Authenticity describes the traditional culture, like staged authenticity shows the old traditions to the tourists. Commodification means the transformation of good, services as well as rituals etc. within a commodity. It has often disadvantages, like the devaluation of the real culture. The tourism product of Berlin After visiting Berlin and its attractions, it can be concluded that there is great variety of hot spots in the city. However, this paper focuses on five of them, and each will be explained. These hot spots are as follows: Reichstag, Brandenburg Tor, Checkpoint Charlie, Alexanderplatz and the Olympia stadium. To begin with, one of the most famous hot spots in Berlin is Reichstag. It was build between 1884 and 1894, and it was the first German Parliament. Later on, in 1933 the building was almost destroyed in a fire and it was renovated in the late sixties. From the late sixties the building is used for different purposes and by different organisations. Since 1999 the building is again the seat of the German Parliament. The exterior of the architecture of Reichstag differs from the interior. The exterior architecture is Renaissance, while the interior has modern design. An interesting part of the building is the glass and steal dome. The next hot spot is the Brandenburg Tor which was symbol of the division of Berlin. It was built in 1791 by Carl Gotthard Langhans. The Brandenburg Gate used to be the main entrance to the city, but today it is only the gate that is still there. The gate is situated in the centre of Berlin, and it is close to many attractions of the city. The architecture of the gate is classicism and it is influenced by the Acropolis in Athens. The gate consists of six columns, which forms five entrances, and it was used only by famous people. The other entrances, on the both sides of the main five entrances were used by the ordinary people. The next astonishing attraction of Berlin is Checkpoint Charlie, situated at the historic Mitte district, which is symbol of the separation of the Berlin. Moreover, it was the place where people crossed the boundary between the West and East part of the city. Checkpoint Charlie is the only place in Berlin which is still authentic. The evidence for the authenticity of the place still exists and it is the sign You are leaving the American sector. The sign is written in four languages, namely German, English, Russian and French. The Checkpoint Charlie is easy to access, and many other attractions can be visited in the surrounding. The following hot spot of Berlin is the Alexanderplatz. It is situated at the historical centre of Berlin. The site was named on the Russian king Alexander I, who visited Berlin in 1805. However, many buildings at the square were destroyed in the Second World War Later on, in the 19th century it became modern shopping centre. In the surroundings of the Alexanderplatz is the TV tower, which is one of the tallest structures in Europe. The last hot spot, which will be described in this paper, is the Olympia stadium. It is situated far from the centre, but it is still preferred destination for the tourists and especially for the soccer fans. The Olympia stadium is place for sport activities and events and it has 74,500 seats. The stadium was opened in 1936 and reconstructed in 1974. The Olympia stadium was host for the Summer Olympics in 1936 and FIFA World Cup in 2006, where the teams of France and Italy played the finals. The stadium offers guided tours in which the visitors have the opportunity to see the VIP lounges and the changing rooms of the soccer players. Authenticity in advertisements and marketing Nowadays, advertising to attract more tourists is less focused on the product information, but more about the experiences of tourist and mainly the authentic experiences. This can be seen in the brochures which describe Berlin. To promote a certain tourist destinations, always the hotspots are used in advertisements and marketing. To promote Berlin as an international tourism destination the Branderburger gate is mainly used in advertisements. It can already be found in the logo of the Berlin Tourismus Marketing Organisation which is responsible for the world-wide promotion of Berlin as an international tourist destination. Or the Berlin wall is a good example, because almost all the tourist know something about the history and which role the Berlin played in the Second World War To highlight the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, a TV spot is made to promote Berlin worldwide on CNN in this sport Berlin is promoted as an extraordinary city. Berlin has a lot of opportunities like they build a whole new modern train station, but also have old historic buildings. In a brochure about the art museum in Berlin called in German the GemÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ldegalerie, which collection one of the biggest from art between the 13th and 18th century a picture of a modern building is showed on the front of the brochure. The brochure is decorated with pictures of old painting made in the 13th and 18th century. Examples of commodified culture in Berlin There are several examples that illustrate the commodification of the culture in Berlin. To begin with, one of the examples of commodified culture is the Christmas markets. These markets were created many years ago for the local people only and they offered to the residents only products that are made in the region. However, nowadays these markets sell not only regional products, but also products made in other regions. For example, tourist can find hats, products made by glass and much more products that are not made in the area. Furthermore, these products are made mainly for tourists, and that makes the markets no longer authentic, but rather commodified. The next example of commodified culture is the tourism offices and the products they sell. These offices used to provide the tourist with information about the region and the attractions that can be visited. Nowadays, the tourism offices not only provide with information the tourist, but they also sell products with the logo of Berlin. For example lighters, t-shirts and pens. Walking throughout the Berlin the tourist can see many souvenirs shops. These souvenirs are created only to sell them to the tourists and they are just commodities. Examples of the souvenirs representing Berlin include key holders, pens and even small stones from the Berlin wall. The products that are sold in these shops are typical example of commodification, because they do not show the culture of the city. The last example of commodified culture in Berlin is the guided tours with buses through the city. These tours are absolutely created for the tourists. The visitors just sit in the bus in listen to a guide who explains the history of the city. This is commodification because the tourists cannot feel and see the real Berlin. It is impossible to understand the culture of a city by going on a tour with a bus, because visitors cannot see how local people behave and they cannot understand what their values and beliefs are. Tourists about the authentic Berlin Authenticity and commodification are the concepts which difficult to distinguish, particularly in tourism field. During the time spend in Berlin and after several kinds of research have been made, as a consequence, the group experienced the city and identified the authentic Berlin. The study was conducted in Berlin by walking; visitors were required to provide information on the authenticity of their opinions about Berlin. A lot of tourists said that the most authenticity in Berlin was by visiting the historical sightseeing. Because of the historical events were really took place there. Most of the tourists in Berlin understood that there were many very authentic Berlin such as Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Wall and the museums of Berlin. However, not only the sights represent authentic Berlin but also the culture events, like Christmas markets and the precious architecture of the buildings. Referring to some of details of the attractions such as the Brandenburg Gate that people reflect on that it is typical and authentically in Berlin. Talking about old and famous in Berlin, Berlin Wall cannot be ignored because of the history is too profound impact on the city, even though it was rebuild but which is still effective. Additionally, some of famous architect buildings which were visited by a number of tourists are commodified but also authentic. On the other side, visitors feel that many sights in the city have changed for attracting more tourists; these might reduce the authenticity of Berlin. The increasing number of Hotels, souvenir shops and the large-scale billboards will take over the image of the city into commodification to tourists. Moreover, as mentioned before, authentic or commodified is a choice of independent subjective and Berlin represent both of the concepts. In short, it can be said that there are two opinions upon request the interviews of tourists passing by. Berlin does have the authentic parts representing by the historical sites, such as Brandenburg Gate, and also traditional culture like Christmas market. However, Berlin is a commodity, because of the changing of the city and some man-made atmosphere for tourists. From the research of Berlin, not only authenticity but also commercialization can be highly controversial, authentic or not is up to the individual and perception.
Friday, February 28, 2020
A Role of Poverty in Education - Essay Example On the other hand, calls for an overhaul of the organizational structure of the educational system through rapid changes (Kyle, 2011). For example, the author suggests more participation of teachers and family members in the school process of their children. However, in this article, the writer talks about the influence of diversity in schools and its impacts in performance, For instance, is of the opinion that teacher quality and diversity affect the performance of students (Clayton, 2011). This is because of the rising poverty in schools of color hence making it had to dissociate performance from poverty. On the other hand, according to Nikulina, Spatz, and Czaja (2010), kids who have been neglected are vulnerable to childhood poverty. This is in the form of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), crime in young age and effects on academic achievement. On the other hand, the studies from Cooper (2011) conclude that the participation of parents in the educational matters of their children lead to high performance. However, the participation varies from race to race. For instance, Hispanic and Black parents are less likely to visit their children and monitor their school than White parents. This is most prevalent in low-income neighborhoods However, according to Bland (2010), even children from the urban face setbacks that interfere with their academic development. The dropout rates are almost similar to the children in the lower class. This is because they also have weaknesses in terms of academic performances. Similarly, in the context of Deluca & Rosenblatt (2010), shifting from a poor a neighborhood to a better one may lead to improvement of academic standards of the child. This is through access to more resources and efficient teachers. Therefore, it is fundamental for educationists, teachers, and parents to urgently address the pertinent issues mentioned by the authors.Ã